Humans will always be fascinated with how things come into existence and will find new ways to make them possible. Many people still perform research on the Big Bang theory. It explains everything from the very initial stages to how we see the world of today. Similarly, when we look around while walking down the alley, we wonder if things were the same for the last fifty years, or did they change? This question keeps boggling one’s mind when comparing old pictures of the same city to how they are today. You will see a massive difference in architecture, designs, and the size of structures present at the same spot. It is bewitching to notice how far humans have come and how they have developed their capabilities to build things. It took decades of research, development, and training to come this far, and none of that would have been possible without the existence of engineers.
Buildings are just an example; any infrastructure that supports human life today has come through the drawing boards of several engineers at some point in time. Getting the gains of the industrial revolutions would not be possible if it were not for the engineers who developed the means of automatic production. Your smartphones, laptops, cars, and everything you touch or use is the creation of engineers. Engineers have various specializations such as mechanical, civil, electrical, and there also is and as the world realizes the importance of storing important information. Which type of engineering one should opt for depends entirely on a person’s interests and inclinations. We will try to give you a quick synopsis of the specializations in engineering that high in demand nowadays to get you started.
1. INFORMATION ENGINEERING
In today’s world, information is the key, and only those who can protect and store data securely can succeed. We have seen too many companies facing hacks and information leaks, which makes this a grave matter. Company hires a competent information assurance engineer, whose job is to work with a team of experts aiming to save all the information with complete security. These professionals install firewalls and employ data encryption mechanisms to keep the data away from people who would want to steal it.
2. DATA SCIENCE ENGINEERING
Software engineering has been here for a while, and we have seen its mushrooming growth, but now we are going a step further with data science. In data science, you learn how to handle and derive meaning from a large amount of data. All the fields have big datasets that are just raw information and require processing to get any useful information. When data scientists get done with the process, the experts of their field can then analyze and optimize their work with the help deductions made from the data.
On the other hand, we also have machine learning that also handles big chunks of data but in a different way. In machine learning, we make prognostication for future occurrences based on what has happened in the previous instances. It looks for any pattern in the data that the human eye cannot possibly see and derive significant conclusions. Machine learning has several algorithms that learn the data and reproduce future data.
3. AUTOMATION AND ROBOTICS ENGINEERING
Though we wouldn’t want to make robots that take over the earth and make humans their slaves, we still need help in automating day-to-day tasks. As the computing and storage capabilities take a step ahead, we can now make such advances and create customized robots that do chores in the way we want them to do. Today, we are far ahead of the single-arm industrial robots and can even make entire humanoids- still no need to be alarmed. None of this can be possible without a robotics engineer working in a lab doing everything to the last T. So if you are interested in something as exciting as this, robotics is the way to go.
4. PETROLEUM ENGINEERING
The world is not getting over its dependence on natural resources such as hydrocarbons any time soon. Though we are concerned about its effects on our environment, we still first need to find a suitable alternative for it. Naturally, something with such a vast demand would require people working to make all of it possible. Petroleum engineers work in drilling as they design the equipment and then help implement them in the field. The crude oil industry is burgeoning as even the producers of shale oil now want a cut, so this is your chance to shine.
5. CIVIL ENGINEERING
The world moves to make complex infrastructure and the overall development of the suburban regions. This need for development makes civil engineering a very sought-after field as they study the underlying intricacies of building complex structures. There are various specialized branches under the umbrella of civil engineering that address different aspects of such development. Some of these branches include structural engineering, environmental engineering, transportation engineering, among many others.
6. ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
If anything around you involves dealing with electricity, an electrical engineer made it. Today, no device or something as big as a vehicle is imaginable without it having some electrical base. Traditionally, electrical engineers work in the power generation sector who help bring electricity to your houses. They also work in many communication industries, such as cellular service, owing to their incremental qualifications. However, due to research and development, many electrical engineers today work in close collaboration with people from other fields, helping them with their research.
7. ALTERNATIVE ENERGY ENGINEERING
As we have already discussed, the world is looking for climate-friendly alternatives for the hydrocarbons that provide us with energy. To reverse climate change, we should invest more in green energy production ventures such as solar, wind, and hydroelectricity. Such dramatic demand also increases the need for engineers qualified enough to make achieving alternative energy possible. So, alternative energy engineering is another such prospect you can look into in detail to find your interest. Research shows that renewable energy resources improve our power generation efficiency a great deal.
8. MINING ENGINEERING
Every product that comes to you starts with mining the minerals and raw materials from the earth. Without mining engineering, we would lack the necessary resources to develop anything we can imagine. A mining engineer specializes in the extraction of such material by making the means for it. Processing and transportation of the mined material also fall under the expertise of such an engineer.
Engineering is an exciting field that not only helps you understand how things are built but also enables you to create something on your own. Today, engineering takes a step ahead of the traditionally known fields attached to it as we embrace the virtues of technological advances. We would not be wrong to imagine that technological development wouldn’t even be possible without the engineers. Engineering has diverse opportunities up for grabs, only if you are determined enough to work for them.